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一般过去时  

2012-09-26 07:08:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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动词过去式:

1)一般情况下,动词词尾直接加 -ed ,如:

  worked played wanted

2)以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如:

  lived moved hoped

3)以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如:

  studied tried  cried

4)以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如:

  stopped dropped planned

5)注:不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。

am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

 

读法

  规则动词词尾加-ed有三种读音:

  1. 在清辅音后读作[t]。如:asked, helped, watched, stopped

  2. 在浊辅音和元音后读作[d]。如:enjoyed, studied, moved, called

  3. t / d后读作[id]。如:wanted, needed

  不规则动词的过去式大体上归纳有以下六条记忆法:

  1. t结尾的词,过去式与原形相同。如:putput, letlet, cutcut, beatbeat

  2. d结尾的词,把d变成t。如:buildbuilt, lendlent, sendsent, spendspent

  3. n结尾的词,在词后加t。如:meanmeant, burnburnt, learnlearnt

  4. ow / aw结尾的词,把ow / aw变成ew。如:blowblew, drawdrew, knowknew, growgrew

5. 含有双写字母的词,将双写改为单写,在词尾加t。如:keepkept, sleepslept,

feelfelt, smellsmelt

6. 含有元音字母o / i的词,将o / i变成a。如:singsang, givegave, sitsat,

drinkdrank

 

I一般过去时态

过去时练习:写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________  fly_______  plant________  are ________  drink_________

play_______    go________  make ________ does_________  dance________

worry________  ask _____   taste_________  eat__________ draw________

put ______    throw________ kick_________  pass_______   do ________

 

Be动词的过去时练习

一、用be动词的适当形式填空。

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday.

8. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June.

    It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited.

二、句型转换。

1. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. His glasses were on the chair just now.(对划线部分提问)

_________  _________ his glasses just now?

3. The films were on the ground. (对划线部分提问)

________  _______ the films?

4. It was Sports Day at school. (改成否定句)

It  ____   __  Sports Day at school.

5. Liu Tao usually watches TV on Saturday. (改成一般疑问句)

_________  Liu Tao usually_________           on Saturday?

6. The bee was there a moment ago.(改成一般疑问句)

_________ the bee _________ now?

 

行为动词的过去时练习

一、用be动词的适当形式填空。

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday.

7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

二、句型转换。

1. They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2.Su Hai had a big lunch last Christmas.

否定句:_________________________________

一般疑问句:                             

肯、否定回答                          

划线部分提问                              

3. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:                                     

一般疑问句:                               

4. We visited relatives and friends last Spring Festival.

否定句:                                   

一般疑问句:                              

划线部分提问                                     

5.They played football in the playground.

否定句:                                    

一般疑问句:                                 

过去时综合练习(1

一、 用动词的适当形式填空。

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

 3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read)

6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now. (play)

7. Jim’s mother _________ (plant) trees just now.

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

 

过去时综合练习 (2)

一、用动词的适当形式填空。

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday. Mr White ________ (go) to his office by car.

2. Gao Shan ________ (put) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework. (do)

5. They _________ (make) a kite a week ago.

6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month. (pick)

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

8. She ____ (be) a pretty girl. Look, she _____ (do) Chinese dances.

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows. (milk)

 

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